103 Military Hospital – the pioneer in the field of kidney transplantation in Viet Nam

1/30/2018 8:52:33 AM

VMMU: In 1992, the first kidney transplant of Viet Nam was carried out successfully at 103 Military Hospital, Vietnam Military Medical University (VMMU). Over 25 years, there has been significant improvement in kidney transplant techniques at 103 Military Hospital in particular and in Viet Nam in general. With the passage of time, the demands for kidney transplantation have increased dramatically; however, the number of donated kidneys has been limited.

Doctors and nurses of 103 Military Hospital (VMMU) at the 300th kidney transplanton December 17th 2017

A 25 year long period of kidney transplant at Military Hospital 103!

On December 17th 2017, the 300th kidney transplant was performed successfully at 103 Military Hospital (VMMU). This event once again confirmed the level of medical doctors of 103 Military Hospital. Twenty five years ago, on June 4th 1992, the first kidney transplant of Viet Nam was done perfectly at 103 Military Hospital. The patient was Vu Manh Doan, a 40-year-old major who had chronic kidney failure at the last stage. The kidney donor was Doan’s younger brother - Vu Manh Toan, who was 28 years old at that time. This kidney transplant was conducted by medical practitioners of 103 Hospital with the assistance of foreign experts. The success of this kidney transplant not only marked new development of Vietnam’s medicine but also was the beginning of a new specialization in Viet Nam – organ transplantation.

On July 20th 1993, Vietnamese surgeons performed the first kidney transplant successfully on their own. The patient was Le Thanh Nghiem, a 33-year-old man who lived in Tuy Hoa, Phu Yen and the donor was his older sister whose name was Le Thi Nhu. That was the 7th kidney transplant done at 103 Military Hospital and the 9th kidney transplant of Viet Nam. After his transplant, Mr Nghiem graduated from a university and attended a festival for patients with organ transplants at Sydney, Australia in 1997. After that his family also welcomed a new healthy baby and until now his kidney has been working well.

In the past five years, the number of patients receiving kidney transplants has tripled in comparison to that of two decades ago. This year alone, the hospital conducted over 60 kidney transplants. Many scientific and technological advances have been applied in selection, in kidney surgery, kidney washing, kidney transplantation, resuscitation anesthesia, and post-transplant treatment with good results. These are very encouraging results in the kidney transplant at 103 Military Hospital.

103 Military Hospital (VMMU) has had the honor of being the top in the field of transplant five times. These prominent achievements resulted from the hospital’s staff’s all-out efforts and the great contribution of domestic and international hospitals such as: Cho Ray Hospital, Viet Duc Hospital, National Hospital of Hue, National Hospital of Children as well as organ transplant experts of some countries including: Taiwan, Japan, etc.

To encourage and record achievements in organ transplants in the past years, many senior leaders of the Party and State have visited hospitals and transplanted patients. The organ transplant research, with the main participation of 103 Military Hospital and Military Medical University received the Ho Chi Minh Award for Science and Technology in 2005. The hospital has been awarded with various noble orders and titles in recognition of its accomplishments in organ transplant. Especially, on January 6th 2012, the Vietnam Record Book Center has awarded the certificate and the Vietnamese Cup to 103 Military Hospital as the place where the first kidney transplant, liver transplant and heart transplant were implemented in Viet Nam. In addition, 103 Military Hospital also received many noble awards including: The Hero of the People's Armed Force in 1989, 2009, 2014 and the order of Ho Chi Minh in 2015. On 20th May 2017, 103 Hospital was one of twelve units and 18 individuals honored in the "Vietnam Glory - 30 Years of National Renewal". They stand for magnificent and typical examples contributing to the national economic development, making great impressions, brightening the face of the society, and having widespread influence on other units and individuals.


Promoting propaganda - the solution to the source of donated kidneys

Major General. Assoc. Prof. MD. PhD Hoang Manh An – Former Director of 103Military hospital, Vice President of Transplant Association of Vietnam said that: “Technically, the kidney transplant of Vietnam has approached the world level. We performed kidney transplantation cases in which donors were alive, had dead brain or dead heart… Apart from kidney transplant, Viet Nam achieved great success in transplantation of liver, heart, lung, pancreas and multi-organs. In the following years, we will continue to improve the quality of grafting and post-transplant care to bring better life for our patients. This success is due to the fact that we have actively taken the doctors to both domestic and foreign medical units to learn more experience in organ transplantation as well as have raised the spirit of solidarity and determination to overcome all difficulties to master transplant techniques. The current problem is the shortage of donated organs which are mainly from brain-dead people. Meanwhile, every year, there are about 5,000-6,000 people needing kidney transplant and about 2,000-3,000 people needing liver transplant. To deal with this difficulty, in the coming time, it is necessary to promote propagation and mobilization for medical units to receive more organs from brain dead and heart dead donors. In addition, the National Coordinating Center for Human Organ Transplants should also be more effective to be a bridge to receive and coordinate the source of donated organs.

However, from practical experience of developed countries, Major General, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Hoang Manh An said that: In order to solve the shortage of organs, it is necessary to  increase the source of donated organs from living unrelated people. Accordingly, a national fund should be set up to encourage people to donate organs as well as to have suitable rewards for unrelated donors. A good implementation will both encourage the organ donors and avoid the “contact” between the donor and the recipient, thereby limiting the illegal commercial organ trade./.

 News and photo: 103 hospital.vn, Translator: Thu Hien

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