Introduction Vietnam Military Medical University

0h0 | 05/05/2015

1. Introduction

Vietnam Military Medical University (with an original name as School of  Military Medicine), was found according to National Decree No 234/SL issued on 28th August 1948  and Ministerial Decree No 187/NĐ jointly issued on 4th October 1948 by Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Health and Ministry of Education. On 10th March 1949, School of Military Medicine opened the first course for military medical officers at Doi Tram in Tuan Lung village, Hoang Hoa ward, Tam Duong district, Vinh Phuc province. Thereafter, the date of 10th March was set as a foundation anniversary day of School. Up to now, School has passed through several eras with different names: School of Military Medicine (1949-1957), Military Officer Medical School (1957-1962), Institute of Military Medicine (1962-1966), Military Medical Collage (1966-1981), Vietnam Military Medical University (VMMU) (from 1981 up to now). From a small and simple basement, VMMU recently becomes a leading medical centre of the military and one of the big scientific centres in Vietnam. VMMU occupies these missions: to educate medical and pharmaceutical officers from primary training to graduated and post-graduated grades; to do medical researches and to perform clinical treatment.

Nowadays, VMMU includes two teaching hospitals, one Military Nursing Faculty; 11 functional offices; 20 departments of fundamental medicine, military medicine, general science, social science and humanities; 37 departments of clinical medicines and laboratories; 7 centres and 4 regiments of students’ managements. Communist Party system directly belonging to VMMU Party Executive Committee compromises: one basic and direct party executive committee, one 3rd-level party executive committee, ten 2nd-level basic party executive committees and 32 basic party groups of party executive committee.

Over a passing period of 65 years, VMMU included a number of 44 professors, 159 associate professors, 14 people’s teachers, 31 honourable teachers, 19 people’s physicians, 146 honourable physicians, 10 leading experts. There is a number of 90.000 medical officials who have been trained from VMMU including: over 800 PhD students; 8.000 master students, 1st and 2nd specific training doctors and residency medical doctors; over 25,000 medical doctors and pharmacists, 4 years nursing students, medical technique students, military medical and pharmaceutical reserve officers and over 55,000 medical and pharmaceutical staffs (including training courses for medical human source in rural and mountainous areas). VMMU has completed over 900 research projects and approximately 200 innovations from basic to national level. Among which, there are some having been awarded prizes such as: Ho Chi Minh prize, VIFOTEC and WIPO prize. From 1996 up to now, VMMU continuously received honourable certificates from Ministry of Education and Training for its excellent achievements in student science research campaign. 

Being accompanied by 2 teaching hospitals and an IVF centre, VMMU become a big medical facility that hospitalizes a great number of injured and sick soldiers and veterans and patients from all over the country. Recently, annual average numbers of cases with health check-up and hospital admission are 220,000 and 30,000 patients, respectively. VMMU has successfully applied advanced and modern medical techniques such as: organ transplantation of kidney, liver, heart, open heart surgery, extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy, IVF, senile cataract surgery…

2. Milestone of Development

2.1 School of  Military Medicine (1949-1957)

School of Military Medicine (the former VMMU) was found according to the National Decree No 234/SL on 28th August 1948 and Ministerial Decree No 187/NĐ on 4th October 1948 of Ministry of National Defence - Ministry of Health - Ministry of Education. On 10th March 1949, School of Military Medicine opened the first medical course for military officers. During a period of 8 years (1949-1957), School of Military Medicine completed 6 training courses for a total of 600 military medical staffs, which urgently met a requirement for taking care injured and sick soldiers in war battlefields against French conquerors

2.2 Military Officer Medical School (1957-1962)

In July 1957, Ministry of National Defence decided to establish the Military Officer Medical School. This is an important step marked a development of the School. The mission of School included: giving nursing courses for Military personnel, updating medical knowledge for medical staffs previously trained during the war against French conqueror, giving high level nursing courses; studying military medicine, opening the first medical doctor course. In December 1959, Ministry of National Defence decided to combine Military hospital 103 and Military Officer Medical School into a unique organization, which could concomitantly take both clinical training and injured and sick soldier - treatment missions. In February 1960, the School started the first nursing course for Lao army. In February 1962, the first medical doctor course completed with 64 medical doctors graduated.

2.3 Institute of Military Medicine (1962-1966)

In March 1962, Ministry of National Defence decided to change the name of Military Officer Medical School to Institute of Military Medicine, with the following missions: studying military medicine; giving medical knowledge -upgraded course for medical officer, making the School become one military medical research centre. The Institute had completed over 50 science projects, trained hundreds of medical staffs contributing to war battlefield to rescue injured and sick soldiers.

2.4 Military Medical Collage (1966-1981)

On 8th August 1966, Vietnamese Government released a decision to found Military Medical Collage, with the following missions: training military medical doctors and pharmacists, part-time medical courses and post-graduate courses: studying the fields of military medicine; taking care treatment for injured and sick soldiers.

During this period, Military Medical Collage had trained thousands of military medical doctors and pharmacists; many medical doctors and student teams had participated in the war and rescued injured and sick soldiers on war battlefields.

2.5 Vietnam Military Medical University (from 1981 up to now)

In December 1981, Ministry of National Defence released a decision to found Vietnam Military Medical University, with the following missions: training military medical doctors and pharmacists, and post-graduate courses: training military medical doctor courses for Lao army and other armies of friendship-nations; studying general and military medicine; improving military hospital 103 becoming teaching  hospital, which give clinical training and treatment.


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